The GO-24 is an Arduino MKR shield with 4 digital inputs, 4 digital outputs and 2 analogue inputs - all rated 24V!
Nowadays, most common microcontrollers operate with 3.3V logic, while the older classic Arduino UNO uses 5V logic, but sometimes you want to connect your project to 12V or 24V gadgets, which are common in automation and home systems.
Omzlo created the GO-24V MKR shield with 24V tolerant inputs and outputs exactly for this purpose. Full documentation and example code is provided.
Note: This board requires soldering of the pin headers and terminal blocks.
- 4 digital inputs (0-24V).
- 4 digital open-drain outputs (0-24V), sinking up to 2A.
- 2 analogue inputs (0-24V).
The shield also breaks out the GND and VIN pins of the MKR board.
The following table provides details of the shield input/output capabilities:
|Shield connector||Arduino MKR Pin||Characteristics|
|Sink 1 (Output)||D4||0-24V (max 60V, 3.1A)|
|Sink 2 (Output)||D5||0-24V (max 60V, 3.1A)|
|Sink 3 (Output)||D6||0-24V (max 60V, 3.1A)|
|Sink 4 (Output)||D7||0-24V (max 60V, 3.1A)|
|Analog in 1||A0||0-24V mapped to 0-3.2V|
|Analog in 2||A1||0-24V mapped to 0-3.2V|
Please note: this shield does not feature isolated inputs/outputs (e.g. using optocouplers) or galvanic isolation.
The digital inputs have the same shifting characteristic as the GPIO of the MCUs they are connected to. For a SAMD21 board like the Arduino MKR Zero or the Omzlo CANZERO, this means that any input below 1V will be considered LOW (0), and any input above 1.8V will be considered as HIGH (1).
The digital outputs are sinking outputs, which means that they are used to switch loads on the low side.
The sinking outputs are controlled by MOSFETs, which have a comfortable maximum 3.1A current rating. In practice, it's best to keep safely away from those limits. We tested currents up to 1.5A without any issue, for low-side switching power LEDs. Lower currents should also be considered when switching these MOSFETs very rapidly (e.g. through fast PWM).
If in doubt, please consult the safe operating area of the MOSFET in the datasheet.
Analogue inputs are managed by feeding input voltage in a voltage divider and a buffering op-amp, resulting in a scaled voltage range where 24V corresponds to 3.2V on the analogue input of the Arduino-compatible board (and 24.75V corresponds to 3.3V).
In terms of accuracy, the voltage divider uses 1% resistors, but the greatest source of inaccuracy can come from the ADC of the MCU itself. It is possible to apply calibration to each board to substantially increase accuracy.
- GO-24V Shield
- Breakable male 2.54mm pin headers (0.1")
- Three 4-pin 3.5mm terminal blocks (colours may vary)
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